Hubs and clusters for CCUS – their role in decarbonisation, ICSC/329

Part of Statoil’s Sleipner operation. Image: World Petroleum Council


Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has an important role in achieving net zero emissions (NZE), according to models and scenarios from bodies including the IPCC and the IEA. Over 20 countries refer to CCS in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. The number of CCS projects in development is growing, but at an inadequate rate, partly due to the high cost. There is more interest in developing CCS hub and clusters, where industries and power generators can feed their CO2 to a carbon hub, and it is then transported for utilisation or storage. The CCUS hub and cluster model enables the development of affordable, shared infrastructure, capable of handling CO2 harvested from clusters of facilities. Open access to such shared systems reduces the costs and risks for individual emitters, helping to promote decarbonisation and possibly supporting the retention of industrial activity in a particular area. The availability of a shared transport system may provide affordable access to more remote CO2 storage repositories. Hubs and clusters will also contribute towards meeting national CO2 reduction targets in an effective way.


However, government commitment is required to establish such projects. In Europe and the UK, projects in planning and development include Northern Lights, Norwegian-German (NOR-GE) CCS, Net Zero Teesside Power (NZT Power) and Zero Carbon Humber. In the USA, examples include: Houston CCUS hub; Mississippi River Corridor; Wabash CO2 sequestration project; Shell, Equinor, US Steel Carbon Capture and Hydrogen Hub; The Rockies Denver hub, Texas; and Pueblo, Colorado-area carbon storage hub (CarbonSAFE Eos). Hubs are being developed in China and there are potential developments in Indonesia and India. In Japan, hub developments include Niigata East Port Area and Nagoya, and there are plans for seven advanced role model projects. Proposed hub developments in Australia include the Moomba CCS hub; The South East Australia (SEA) Carbon Capture Hub; Middle Arm (Darwin) CCUS hub; Surat Basin CCS hub; and one in Karratha, Western Australia.


Hubs and clusters for CCUS – their role in decarbonisation

Report Author(s)

Dr Stephen Mills

Report Number




Publication date

21 December 2023